Legal Paternity Testing
Paternity testing uses DNA identification to legally establish who the father is. For a relative seeking a visa, DNA testing offers biological proof of status. Most importantly, DNA testing offers physical, emotional, and financial benefits that can only come from certainty.
- Determining the biological relationship establishes emotional, social, legal, and financial benefits, including Social Security, Veteran’s benefits, and inheritance.
- To learn more visit: Dad Test
Immigration DNA Testing
- Paternity DNA testing is invaluable for citizens and permanent residents who wish to sponsor relatives but lack birth certificates or other documents to prove the family relationship.
- To learn more visit: Immigration DNA Testing
Legal DNA paternity testing is used by anyone needing accurate identification of paternity for legal, personal or medical reasons, including:
- A woman seeking child support
- A man attempting to win child custody
- Adoptive children seeking their biological families
- Someone wanting to determine inheritance rights
- Someone wanting to establish a medical history
- Someone needing immigration or citizenship determination
What is DNA Identification testing?
DNA analysis is the most conclusive paternity test available. In the testing process, DNA, the genetic material that a child inherits from its biological parents, is tested. If the tested man (alleged father) does not have genetic characteristics necessary to be the biological father, he is excluded. If the tested man’s DNA does contain those genetic characteristics, then the probability that this man is the true biological father is calculated and reported by the laboratory.
How accurate is DNA paternity testing?
Paternity testing involves testing the alleged father and child’s DNA to see how compatible their DNA test results are. If the alleged father and child’s DNA are compatible on each segment of DNA examined, the probability that he is the biological father is typically over 99.99%. If there are any segments of DNA studied which do not match, the man is excluded as being the biological father. There is no more accurate testing method than this test.
How are samples collected?
Testing can be done by a buccal cheek swab or by a blood draw. The buccal swab sample is collected by gently massaging the inside of the person’s mouth. This procedure is painless and can even be performed on newborns.
Blood can also be used for testing if desired. Blood can be drawn in our offices, or in any one of our nationwide network of laboratory draw sites. Unique specimens can be also used if circumstances warrant. This includes prenatal samples, or samples from a deceased individual, such as hair, teeth or other tissues.
Who gets the results?
All testing including all information and all results are kept strictly confidential. Results are provided only to those adult persons who were tested and have requested the results, or to other individuals authorized by the tested parties to receive the results, such as lawyers. You determine how results are delivered including by standard mail, fax or overnight delivery for an additional fee. Personal information and results are never released without proper prior authorization.
Can paternity testing be performed before the child is born?
Yes. Dad Test™ DNA Identification testing can be performed prior to the birth of a child. DNA testing can be done with a chorionic villi sample (CVS), performed between 10 to 12 weeks of pregnancy, or by amniocentesis testing, performed after 16 weeks of pregnancy.
Either of these procedures can be performed by an OB/GYN, or by one of our experienced physicians in our network. We also have experienced prenatal specialists on staff to help you through the process and to answer your questions regarding these special services.
Is it necessary for the mother to be involved in the testing?
No. Motherless DNA Identification is requested when only the father is available for testing. The same degree of legal accuracy applies to these cases as our standard trio cases including the mother, child and alleged father.
Family reconstruction studies can be performed when only some family members are available for testing. This may mean using grandparents and a child, for example.
Legal or Non-legal testing – Which one do I need?
Different people have different needs. That’s why we offer different services so that you can decide what is best for your situation.
Legally conclusive DNA Identification means that a strict chain-of -custody is maintained to ensure the admissibility of the results in a court of law. All parties are positively identified and photographed at a collection facility. All testing is performed in a secured and monitored facility under the highest standards of quality control. Every report is double-checked and verified before sending the results.
Completely confidential DNA Identification can be chosen when you do not anticipate needing to use this information in a court of law. A kit can be mailed to you, so that the samples may be collected by you in the privacy of your own home. Because the samples are not collected at a collection facility, the test result is labeled as a completely confidential collection, and may not be admissible in a court of law. If peace of mind is your main concern, than this test may be right for you.
Regardless of how the samples were collected whether legally conclusive or completely confidential self collection kit, the same high laboratory testing standards are used for all tests performed.